Large rural town Baoulé originally became French colonial post in 1906, the chief town of the District, Yamoussoukro was erected in chief office of sub-prefecture in 1960 after the independence of Côte d'Ivoire, then head of department and in chief place of region in 1990.
Located in the heart of the country, Yamoussoukro is also the administrative and political capital of Côte d'Ivoire since 1983 and head of the District since January 21, 2002.
With its status as a local authority of a particular type, the Yamoussoukro Autonomous District has two (02) departments, 69 villages and covers an area of 3500 km⊃2;.
Its population estimated at 300 000 inhabitants is made up of Akouè and Nanafouè natives, to which are added the foreigners coming from the other regions of the Ivory Coast and a strong foreign community represented by Burkinabe, Malian, Guinean, Nigerian, Senegalese, Nigerians, Togolese, and Ghanaians.
Territorial collectivity of particular type, the Yamoussoukro Autonomous District covers the territory of the current department of the same name. Comprising between 06 ° 49 and 06 ° 47 N latitude and 05 ° 16 and 05 ° 15 W longitude, it covers an area of 3500 square kilometers. Yamoussoukro, the seat of the District, is the political and administrative capital of the late Felix Houphouet Boigny, first president of the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire.
The Autonomous District of Yamoussoukro, is limited to the North by the department of Tiébisssou, to the South by the department of Oumé, to the East by the department of Dimbokro and to the West by the departments of Sinfra and Bouaflé, in the Marahoué region
The relief of the Yamoussoukro Autonomous District is on the whole a type of relief of plains and plateaus, where the planeness and horizons is the fundamental character of the landscape. We can distinguish several levels of staggered plateaus, between 200 and 500 meters, separated from the others by a low slope (10 to 30 meters). This type of relief is characteristic of that of the central area of Côte d'Ivoire. The apparent overall monotony of the relief reveals, both in the plains zone and in the plateaux zone, isolated reliefs called inselbergs. This is for example the (Baoulé chains) or Rombo Oka.
The vegetal space of the Yamoussoukro Autonomous District belongs to the Guinean domain. This vegetation is characterized by pre-forest savannahs which are grassy areas mainly grassy, scattered more or less densely with small trees of northern origin, interspersed with tunnels and groves or forest islands whose floristic composition is that of the forest. semi-deciduous forest. The forest galleries are related to the presence of water, while the forest islets are well developed on Biririmian much more unstable on eruptive rocks.
They are most often kept around the villages. On drained soils, ripe savannah dominates in the Center and east of V Baoulé.
The Yamoussoukro Autonomous District benefits from a hydrographic network essentially composed of Marahoué (or Red Bandama) and N'Zi, two tributaries of Bandama, the only river to have its source in Ivory Coast. These two rivers belong to the equatorial regime of attenuated transition, intermediate between the tropical transition regime and the equatorial transition regime. The mid-high water season runs from May to November, but the doubling of the annual flood is no longer always marked. It is necessary that the rainfall of the second rainy season be very low so that the tip of June-Juillet becomes predominant compared to that of September-October.
We are in the presence of a type of climate characterized by a dry season that extends from November to March, with a temperature of 25.8 ° C. The rainy season is marked by two maximum rainfall, one in June and the other a rainfall of about 1145.60mm.
A large agglomeration that has experienced rapid urbanization, Yamoussoukro has the characteristics of a modern city: administrative and commercial center, paved highways, buildings, residential areas, etc. ...
The urbanization rate is 55%.
The Yamoussoukro District comprises 69 villages and hamlets divided among the four sub-prefectures that make it up.
Other villages include Lolobo, Toumbokro, Ouffoudekero, Assanou, N'gbessou, Zatta and others. ... Several villages have been electrified throughout the District.
Cosmopolitan, the population of the Yamoussoukro Autonomous District is estimated at nearly 300,000 inhabitants, a density of 85.7 inhabitants per square kilometer. To the Akouè and Nanafouè indigenous populations, it is necessary to add an estimated foreign population of 52,562 inhabitants and representing 17.56% of the population.